Arnim Zola was HYDRA's leading scientist and an ally of the Red Skull during World War II. He discovered a way to turn his neurological patterns and brain waves into a computer algorithm. Using this, he transferred his mind into an android body. If his body is destroyed, the ESP box in his body will transfer his brain to a computer until another body is constructed, making him, in a way, immortal. He has created several strange creatures and biological abominations, which he controls with his mind and uses to fight heroes like Captain America.