Padawan (Version 1)
Two different Obi-Wan minifigures were released in 1999--one based on his appearance in Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, the other based on his appearance in Episode IV: A New Hope as the hermit "Ben" Kenobi. Obi-Wan's original Episode IV minifigure had tan legs with a dark brown leg joint and a tan torso piece with yellow hands. The torso piece had black printing for the outline and wrinkles on Obi-Wan's outer robe. Red-brown printing was used towards the top of the piece for an inner robe, and yellow printing was also used as skin, joining the torso piece to the head. The head piece was yellow, with light grey printing on it in the shape of a beard and eyebrows. Black printing was used for the mouth and also for the two dot-eyes, and a standard light grey hairpiece was used. This variant of Obi-Wan came armed with a blue-bladed lightsaber with a chrome silver hilt.
Obi-Wan's 1999 Episode I figure had a plain brown leg piece and a tan torso piece with yellow hands. The torso piece had black printing to represent his Jedi robe and the outline of a belt, the belt being filled in with brown printing and a silver clasp. Yellow printing was used at the top of the torso piece to represent skin. The head piece was yellow, with black printing for the eyes and mouth and brown printing for the eyebrows. Obi-Wan came equipped with a brown cape, brown hood, and a chrome silver hilted, blue-bladed lightsaber.
Kenobi's next variants came in 2002, two as a part of the new Episode II: Attack of the Clones subtheme, and a redesigned figure for Episode I. Both Episode II variants had plain tan legs with the same torso piece used for Obi-Wan's original Episode I variant. The only difference between the two Episode II variants was the head piece--the one which appeared in the 7143 Jedi Starfighter had additional printing on the head for a headset, with a black microphone running down the right-hand side, and gold printing for the top of the headset above the eyebrows. Both head pieces had orange printing on it for Obi-Wan's beard and eyebrows, and black printing for the eyes and smiling mouth. An orange hair piece that is commonly found on female minifigures was used to depict Obi-Wan's longer hairstyle. Like all of the previous variations, both Episode II Obi-Wans were armed with a blue-bladed lightsaber with a chrome silver hilt.
Obi-Wan's second Episode I variant had the same legs, head, ligthsaber and cape as the original, but instead of a hood, he had a standard brown hairpiece. The torso piece was the same, except for some additional printing on the top-right hand side, depicting his brown Padawan braid.
In 2004, a Ben Kenobi was released in the 4501 Mos Eisley Cantina. This variant had all of the same features as his original Episode IV variant, except the grey printing and hairpiece was changed to a new grey, due to The LEGO Company changing the shades of greys that they commonly used on pieces. This variant of Obi-Wan did not come with any accessories.
2005 saw the release of Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, and the release of three new variants from this subtheme of the now-Jedi Master. In the 7255 General Grievous Chase, Obi-Wan had orange legs with a tan leg joint and a tan torso piece with flesh-coloured hands. Brown printing was used on the torso for a utility belt and an inner robe, with silver detailing on the belt and black lines in varying thickness for outlining and wrinkles. A flesh-coloured headpiece was used, with orange printing once again for the beard, and black printing for the eyes and mouth. This variant of Obi-Wan came with a standard orange hairpiece and a brown cape, as well as a blue-bladed lightsaber with a plain grey hilt.
In the 7283 Ultimate Space Battle, Obi-Wan had torso, leg and hair pieces in common with the previous variant, but his head piece had additional printing on it to depict a golden headset on the right-hand side of his face. In this set, Obi-Wan's hilt was chrome silver. A Light-Up Lightsaber figure of Obi-Wan was also released in the 7257 Ultimate Lightsaber Duel, the difference between this figure and a standard minifigure being that the head could not be removed from the torso, and a nonremovable lightsaber was attached to the end of the right arm instead of a hand. When the head of the minifgure was pressed down, the lightsaber would light up. Apart from these changes, Obi Wan's appearance remained the same as in 7255 General Grievous Chase, except that he came with a hood instead of a hairpiece.
Two years later, three more Obi-Wan variants were released--one each from Episode I, Episode III, and Episode IV. The new Episode I variant used the same printing for the head piece as earlier Episode I variants, but the head piece itself was flesh-coloured. The torso piece for this version was the same as his previously existing Episode III versions, but came with plain tan legs. He came with a brown hood and cape, and a blue-bladed lightsaber with a plain grey hilt. Obi-Wan's new Episode III variant for 2007 was identical to his variant from the 7283 Ultimate Space Battle, except his legs were plain tan. This variant came without any accessories. The Episode IV variant was redesigned with a new torso piece--black lines for robe detailing, dark brown printing for an inner robe and belt with some flesh printing at the top for skin. The hands on the torso piece were flesh-coloured, as was his head. The face was redesigned, with the new grey printing for a beard and eyebrows, black printing for dot eyes and a new expression with the mouth, and some orange printing for extra detailing on the face. The plain tan legs and grey hairpiece were once again used for this variant; however, no accessories were included.
In 2008, another Ben Kenobi was released for the 10188 Death Star. This variant was similar to the 2007 one, with the same legs and head. The torso piece was similar, except the dark brown printing was of a lighter shade, and some black detailing was present on the inner robe. He came equipped with a hood, cape, and a lightsaber with the original chrome silver hilt. 2008 also saw the release of the new The Clone Wars line, and with it came a new Obi-Wan. This variant had white legs with a tan leg joint, a tan torso with white arms and black hands, with dark brown printing for the belt and inner robe, brown printing for outer robe detailing, white printing at the top of the piece representing light armor, and black lines for armor detailing. A flesh-colored head was used, with the printing style being noticeably different in overall appearance to his movie variants, as was common with minifigures from The Clone Wars theme. The minifigure had orange printing for the beard and eyebrows, black printing for the mouth, and the eyes were white with blue irises and black pupils. Extra detailing was also present around the eyes. A new orange hairpiece was included with this variant, currently exclusive to Obi-Wan minifigures. This Obi-Wan was released in a total of three mainstream sets--in the 7676 Republic Gunship, he was released with a blue-bladed lightsaber with a plain grey hilt, but in the 7753 Pirate Tank and 7931 T-6 Jedi Shuttle, the hilt was chrome silver.
A magnet set was released with Obi-Wan in it during 2009. This Obi-Wan minifigure was the same as his latest pilot version in the 7661 Jedi Starfighter with Hyperdrive Booster Ring, but with a brown hood and cape instead of a hairpiece. A blue-bladed lightsaber was also included.
In 2010, a Ben Kenobi minifigure was released in the 8092 Luke's Landspeeder and was similar to his Death Star variant, the main differences being that the black dot eyes had white pupils, and he came with a grey hairpiece instead of a hood and cape. Also, instead of the mouth being a straight line, it was curved slightly upwards at the ends. The chrome silver hilt lightsaber remained the same.
In 2011, the latest Millennium Falcon was released, and Ben appeared once again, having the same head, torso and leg pieces as the 2010 version, but with a hood and cape once again. The lightsaber hilt was also a plain silver instead of chrome or grey. Another Obi-Wan was released in 2011, this one being the fourth incarnation of his Padawan variant. This minifigure had plain tan legs, a tan torso piece with flesh-coloured hands and redesigned printing--black and brown for robe detailing and flesh printing at the top--and a double-sided headpiece. The head printing depicted a serious Obi-Wan on one side, with brown eyebrows, a turned-down black mouth and black eyes with white pupils, along with additional face detailing. The other side of the face was similar but with the mouth being changed to a one-sided smile. This variant of Obi-Wan came with a hood, cape, and silver-hilted lightsaber.
For 2012, a redesigned Episode III version was included with 9494 Anakin's Jedi Interceptor. This latest version of Obi-Wan had plain sand yellow legs, the same torso piece as his 2011 Padawan variant, and a flesh-coloured head. Like many of the 2011 and 2012 Star Wars minifigures, the head piece had a double-sided print. One side had orange printing in a new design for the beard and eyebrows and a black mouth and white-pupiled eyes, with the other side being similar, but with the eyebrows slanting downward toward the middle, and an angry, clenched mouth with white teeth instead of a plain black line. The hairpiece was similar to his Clone Wars hairpiece, but with less hair at the front of the piece and shaping at the sides to represent ears. As was common with most of the recent Obi-Wan variants, he came armed with a blue-bladed lightsaber with a silver hilt.
The second wave of 2012 saw the release of the fifth Padawan variant of Obi-Wan. It retained many of the features of the fourth Padawan variant, but had more detailed printing in the belt area and the inner robe was printed in a lighter colour. A Padawan braid was printed down the right-hand side of the torso piece. The head piece was also updated to have a different expression than the 2011 variant on one side, and on the other, a rebreather was printed over Obi-Wan's mouth, based on the scene in Episode I where Obi-Wan had to swim underwater to travel to Otoh Gunga. Instead of a hood piece, an orange hairpiece is used, but the minifigure retained a blue-bladed, silver hilted lightsaber as an accessory.
In 2013, a redesigned Clone Wars variant was released for Obi-Wan. This variant featured Kenobi with the hairpiece used on his latest Episode III version, a tan-coloured Jedi robe, and burnt orange legs, both with exclusive printing. Also in 2013, a second Jedi Knight variant of Kenobi was released as part of 75021 Republic Gunship . This version of the figure had the same face and torso as in 9494 Anakin's Jedi Interceptor, but with Dastan's hair in orange and a printed leg piece.
In the Video Games
In LEGO Star Wars: The Video Game, Obi-Wan makes a total of three appearances. His first appearance comes in the Episode I chapter, as "Obi-Wan (Padawan), where his appearance is based upon his second physical Padawan variant, except with flesh-coloured skin as opposed to yellow. This Obi-Wan, along with Qui-Gon Jinn, is one of the two starting characters for the game. "Obi-Wan (Jedi Master)" is based upon his Jedi Knight variant, except once again the yellow skin is replaced with a flesh colour. In the Episode III chapter, "Obi-Wan (Episode III)" can be unlocked, which is based upon his original Jedi Master physical variant. All three of these characters are able to use the Force and double-jump, and are armed with blue-bladed lightsaber, which they can use to attack enemies or deflect lasers.
For LEGO Star Wars II: The Original Trilogy, two Obi-Wan characters were introduced. "Ben Kenobi" is based upon the first two physical Ben Kenobi variants except with flesh-coloured skin and brown cape. He is armed with a blue-bladed ligthsaber and has the ability to build certain object, use the Force and double-jump. "Ben Kenobi (Ghost)" can also be unlocked, and has the appearance of the "Ben Kenobi" character recoloured transparent blue. The ghost Obi-Wan is has the same abilities as "Ben Kenobi", but additionally is unable to be killed except for jumping off the edge of a level and is unable to be seen by enemies. LEGO Star Wars II also allowed for the player to import save data from the original game, so the other three Obi-Wan variants could also be used in Free Play mode.
LEGO Star Wars: The Complete Saga brought together both of the previous games, so all five of the previous Obi-Wan characters could be used.
In LEGO Star Wars III: The Clone Wars, "Obi-Wan Kenobi (Geonosian Arena)" is a playable character in the opening mission. This character has the legs and torso based upon his physical Jedi Knight variant, but his head and hair is based on his The Clone Wars variant, except the eyes are replaced with black dot-eyes with white pupils. Obi-Wan's normal variant in the game, "Obi-Wan Kenobi" is based entirely upon his The Clone Wars variant, except for the eyes once again being replaced. Finally, an "Obi-Wan Kenobi (Classic)" variant is unlockable and based upon more recent Ben Kenobi variants. All three Obi-Wans have the ability to double-jump, use the Force, cut through specially marked walls, perform lightsaber throws, and jump up special sets of walls by burying their lightsabers into one wall and leaping to the other.
At an early age, Obi-Wan was taken to be trained as a Jedi, and at the age of 13, began his training under Master Qui-Gon Jinn. Towards the end of his apprenticeship, Qui-Gon and Obi-Wan were called upon to settle a dispute between the Trade Federation and the people of Naboo. However, the Trade Federation were under the influence of the Sith, and the dispute became hostile, with an invasion on Naboo being launched, and the citizens of the planet being imprisoned. However, after meeting Jar Jar Binks and Boss Nass, the two Jedi managed to free the Queen Amidala, and escaped on a Naboo Cruiser, intending to travel to the galactic capital of Coruscant to seek assistance. However, the ship was damaged by the Federation's orbiting blockade, and they were forced to land elsewhere, deciding on the desert world of Tatooine. The two Jedi split up, with Obi-Wan staying with the ship, and Qui-Gon to go into Mos Eisley to acquire replacement parts for the ship. A day later, as Qui-Gon was returning to the ship with the parts and a boy, he was attacked by a Darth Maul, a Sith Apprentice. Obi-Wan ordered the pilot to take off, and hover nearby the duel between Jinn and Maul, allowing Qui-Gon to escape the battle.
On Coruscant, Obi-Wan reported to the Jedi Council with Qui-Gon, telling them about their encounter with the Sith warrior and Anakin Skywalker, the Force-sensitive child who Qui-Gon freed on Tatooine. The Council agreed to allow Anakin to be assessed to see if he could become a Jedi, despite being much older than when most Jedi begin their training. After Anakin was tested, Obi-Wan and Qui-Gon met the Council once again with Skywalker this time, and were informed that Anakin would not be trained as a Jedi due to his advanced age. They then proceeded to tell them that the Queen was about to leave for Naboo, and they should escort her.
On Naboo, the Queen gathered her forces and formed an Alliance with Boss Nass and the Gungans, and battles with the Federation were initiated on several fronts. The Jedi remained with the Queen, until a door opened in the hangar opened, with Darth Maul blocking the way. The Queen and her security forces looked for another path, while the Jedi and Sith prepared to duel. As the duel progressed, Obi-Wan began to fall behind, at one point leaving him between forcefields, and forced to watch his Master fight Maul alone. During this time, Maul managed to get through Qui-Gon's guard, killing him. Obi-Wan then proceeded to attack Maul when he was freed, managing to cut the Sith Lord's double-bladed lightsaber in half, but was Force-pushed into a pit, though he managed to grab hold of a protruding power node. Obi-Wan then calmed himself, and leaped out of the pit, at the same time using the Force to grab his fallen Master's lightsaber, and cut Maul in two, who fell down the pit. After Naboo was liberated, Obi-Wan was promoted to the rank of Jedi Knight, and took Anakin to be his Apprentice, fulfilling his Master's dying wish.
Ten years later, Anakin and his Master Obi-Wan were tasked with acting as bodyguards for the now-Senator Padmé Amidala after an assassination attempt. That night, another attempt on Padmé's life was carried out. Anakin saved Padmé from two venomous insects, while Obi-Wan grabbed onto the hovering courier droid which deployed them, hoping it would lead him to whoever sent the droid. Meanwhile, Anakin commandeered an airspeeder to catch up to Obi-Wan. Obi-Wan dropped off the droid as it was destroyed by its owner- the bounty hunter Zam Wessell. Anakin flew underneath Obi-Wan and caught him in the speeder, then they chased Zam through Coruscant. Anakin leaped out of the speeder and landed on Zam Wessell's speeder, while Obi-Wan took over flying the speeder. Zam's speeder crashed after Anakin had damaged it, and she fled to a nearby cantina. Obi-Wan landed his speeder and caught up with Anakin, and the two entered the bar together. The pursuit ended when Zam attempted to shoot Obi-Wan, but he managed to disarm her first. Obi-Wan and Anakin took Zam outside the cantina and attempted to interrogate her, but before she could reveal any important information, she was killed by a toxic dart, fired by a Mandalorian who escaped with a jetpack.
Obi-Wan learned from Dexter Jettster that the dart came from Kamino, and proceeded to travel to the planet. There, Obi-Wan met with Taun We and Lama Su, Kaminoans who told him that they were creating a clone army for the Republic, which neither Obi-Wan or any of the Jedi knew about. Obi-Wan also met the source of the clones, a bounty hunter named Jango Fett, and his son Boba. Obi-Wan realised that Jango was the bounty hunter who killed Zam Wessell, and attempted to arrest him, but he and Boba managed to escape after the two fought, but not before Obi-Wan placed a tracker on Jango's ship. Obi-Wan followed Jango to Geonosis, and came upon leaders of the Confederacy of Independent Systems, a group of worlds who wished to break away from the Republic, talking about a large droid army they had formed. Obi-Wan returned to his ship and sent a message to the Jedi Council relayed through Anakin, but was attacked by Droidekas as he was broadcasting, and ended up being captured. After refusing an offer to join Count Dooku, Qui-Gon's old Master and leader of the Separatists, he was taken to an arena for execution and joined by Anakin and Padmé, who set out to rescue him.
The three were eventually saved by Jedi forces led by Mace Windu, and clone forces with Yoda. Anakin and Obi-Wan then confronted Dooku when they caught him attempting to escape, however this resulted in Obi-Wan being wounded in the arm and leg, and the loss of Anakin's right arm. However, they were saved by Master Yoda, who engaged Dooku in battle, forcing Dooku to retreat.
Shortly after, Obi-Wan was granted the rank of Jedi Master and Anakin became a Jedi Knight. Obi-Wan also also appointed to the Jedi Council, and was given the military rank of High General during the Clone Wars. He carried out several missions with Clone Marshall Commander Cody, and also with Anakin, his Apprentice Ahsoka Tano, and Captain Rex.
Three years in to the Clone Wars, the Chancellor was captured by General Grievous. Obi-Wan and Anakin flew through the space battle above Coruscant in to Grievous' flagship to rescue the Chancellor. When they located the Chancellor, they were confronted by Count Dooku, and the three duelled once again. Obi-Wan was knocked out by Dooku not long into the battle, but Anakin defeated and killed Dooku thereafter, and the mission soon resulted in a success with the Chancellor restored to safety.
Obi-Wan was then sent to the planet Utapau, where General Grievous was hiding. He engaged the droid general in battle, and after a duel consisting of several weapons including ligthsabers, electrostaffs and blasters, Kenobi was able to eliminate Grievous. Not long after this, Chancellor Palpatine was revealed to be Darth Sidious, the Dark Lord of the Sith, who ordered all clone troopers to kill the Jedi. On Utapau, Commander Cody complied, with him and his men opening fire on Kenobi. However, Obi-Wan was able to escape, and fled the planet in Grievous' starfighter. Obi-Wan then met up with Senator Bail Organa and Yoda, and soon learned that Anakin had turned to the Dark Side and become Darth Vader. Yoda ordered Obi-Wan to confront Anakin, while he dealt with the now-Emperor. Obi-Wan found Anakin on Mustafar, when he stowed away on the pregnant Padmé's ship after he suspected that she was going to meet the new Sith. Obi-Wan then fought Anakin in a lengthy duel on the lava world, and was successful in defeating his former student, severing his legs and non-mechanical arm in one strike. Obi-Wan left the scene, taking Anakin's lightsaber as he fell into the lava. Obi-Wan then took Padmé to Polis Massa, where she gave birth to twins: Luke and Leia. Obi-Wan decided to take Luke to his step-uncle and aunt on Tatooine and watch over him from a distance, and Bail would take Leia to Alderaan as his adopted daughter.
Nineteen years in to the reign of Emperor Palpatine, head of the Galactic Empire, Obi-Wan, who now went by the name Ben, encountered Luke Skywalker. Luke was pursuing R2-D2, who was insisting that he had to deliver a message to Obi-Wan. The message was from Princess Leia, who was asking Obi-Wan to take Artoo, who had the schematics of the Empire's new battlestation, the Death Star to Alderaan so that the Rebel Alliance could find a way to destroy it. Obi-Wan eventually convinced Luke to come with him to Alderaan, and began to train him in the ways of the Force. Kenobi hired the Millennium Falcon, piloted by Han Solo and Chewbacca, to take himself, Luke, R2-D2 and C-3PO there. When they arrived in the Alderaan System, they discovered that Alderaan had been destroyed by the Death Star, and their ship was caught by one of the station's tractor beams. After eluding capture from the Imperials, Ben set out to disable the tractor beams alone. After evading Stormtroopers, he was able to disable the tractor beam, but was met by Darth Vader, who Palpatine had saved from the lava on Mustafar and put him in a black suit of armour. Former Master and Apprentice duelled for the last time, but then Obi-Wan, seeing Luke running towards the Falcon, realised that he could help Luke better in other ways, allowed Vader to strike him down.
However, during the nineteen years he had spent on Tatooine, Obi-Wan had learned how to retain his identity after death after receiving training from his old Master, Qui-Gon. Obi-Wan helped and watched over Luke on several occasions, including telling him to trust his instincts instead of the targeting computer when he was a part of the Rebel Alliance's assault on the Death Star, leading to the space station's destruction. Obi-Wan was present on Endor with Luke after the destruction of the Emperor and the Second Death Star, along with two of his recently deceased friends who had also learned how to become Force ghosts- Master Yoda and Anakin Skywalker, who Luke had helped to turn back to the light before his death.
- Apart from his Clone Wars variant, each Obi-Wan Kenobi variant minifigure has appeared in only one mainstream set (except for his latest pilot variant, which appeared only in a magnet set).
- Obi-Wan's original Padawan head piece is also used as the head for several Luke Skywalker variants.
- Obi-Wan heads from the 7255 General Grievous Chase were incorrectly included in an early release of 7665 Republic Cruiser instead of Qui-Gon's head.
- Kenobi is in the set 7962 Anakin Skywalker and Sebulba's Podracers; however, he does not appear in that scene in the movie.
- Obi-Wan was voiced by James Arnold Taylor in LEGO Star Wars: The Padawan Menace, the official audio double for Ewan McGregor's Obi-Wan Kenobi, as well as the voice of Obi-Wan Kenobi in The Clone Wars movie and TV series. He also voiced Robin in LEGO Batman: The Video Game, as well as Spiderman in LEGO Marvel Super Heroes.
- In Revenge of the Brick, Obi-Wan has a similiar appearance to his latest Jedi Knight variant, even though the movie was made a few years before the figure.
- In Lego Star Wars III: The Clone Wars, Obi-Wan has black eyes with white pupils unlike his physical Clone Wars original variant.
- 4501 Mos Eisley Cantina (Ben Kenobi, Version 2)
- 7110 Landspeeder (Ben Kenobi, Version 1)
- 7133 Bounty Hunter Pursuit (Jedi Knight)
- 7143 Jedi Starfighter (Jedi Knight, Pilot)
- 7161 Gungan Sub (Padawan, Version 1)
- 7203 Jedi Defense I (Padawan, Version 2)
- 7255 General Grievous Chase (Jedi Master, Version 1)
- 7257 Ultimate Lightsaber Duel (Jedi Master, Light-Up Lightsaber)
- 7283 Ultimate Space Battle (Jedi Master, Pilot Version 1)
- 7661 Jedi Starfighter with Hyperdrive Booster Ring (Jedi Master, Pilot- version 2)
- 7665 Republic Cruiser (Padawan, Version 3)
- 7676 Republic Attack Gunship (The Clone Wars)
- 7753 Pirate Tank (The Clone Wars)
- 7931 T6 Jedi Shuttle (The Clone Wars,Version 1)
- 7962 Anakin Skywalker and Sebulba's Podracers (Padawan, Version 4)
- 7965 Millennium Falcon (Ben Kenobi, Version 5, hood, cape)
- 8092 Luke's Landspeeder (Ben Kenobi, Version 5)
- 9494 Anakin's Jedi Interceptor (Jedi Master, Version 2)
- 9499 Gungan Sub (Padawan, version 5)
- 9525 Pre Vizsla's Mandalorian Fighter (The Clone Wars)
- 10179 Millennium Falcon (Ben Kenobi, Version 3)
- 10188 Death Star (Ben Kenobi, Version 4)
- 65034 Star Wars Co-Pack (Padawan, Version 2)
- 65844 Star Wars Co-Pack (Jedi Master, Version 1)
- 66368 Super Pack 3 in 1 (Ben Kenobi, Version 5)
- 75012 BARC Speeder with Sidecar (The Clone Wars, Version 2)
- 75021 Republic Gunship (Jedi Knight, Version 2)
- 75024 HH-87 Starhopper (Rako Hardeen Disguise)
- 75052 Mos Eisley Cantina (Ben Kenobi, 2014 redesign)
- 75135 Obi-Wan's Jedi Interceptor
Magnet and Key Chain Appearances
- 851461 Obi-Wan Key Chain
- 852351 Obi-Wan Key Chain
- 853126 AT-AT Driver, Ben Kenobi, TIE Fighter Pilot Magnet Set
- 4269242 Star Wars Magnet Set
Video Game Appearances
- LEGO Star Wars: The Video Game
- LEGO Star Wars II: The Original Trilogy
- LEGO Star Wars: The Complete Saga
- LEGO Star Wars III: The Clone Wars
- LEGO Star Wars: Bombad Bounty
- LEGO Star Wars: Revenge of the Brick
- LEGO Star Wars: The Padawan Menace
- LEGO Star Wars: The Yoda Cronicles
Gallery of Variants